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Modes of Faith – Secular Surrogates for Lost Religious Belief - Chicago Scholarship Online
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Modes of Faith: Secular Surrogates for Lost Religious Belief

Theodore Ziolkowski


In the decades surrounding World War I, religious belief receded in the face of radical new ideas such as Marxism, modern science, Nietzschean philosophy, and critical theology. This book addresses both this decline of religious belief and the new modes of secular faith that took religion's place in the minds of many writers and poets. The book examines the motives for this embrace of the secular, locating new modes of faith in art, escapist travel, socialism, politicized myth, and utopian visions. James Joyce turned to art as an escape, while Hermann Hesse made a pilgrimage to India in search ... More

Keywords: World War I, religious belief, Marxism, Nietzschean philosophy, critical theology, secular faith, religion, escapist travel, socialism, politicized myth

Bibliographic Information

Print publication date: 2007 Print ISBN-13: 9780226983639
Published to Chicago Scholarship Online: February 2013 DOI:10.7208/chicago/9780226983660.001.0001


Affiliations are at time of print publication.

Theodore Ziolkowski, author