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Modes of FaithSecular Surrogates for Lost Religious Belief$
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Theodore Ziolkowski

Print publication date: 2007

Print ISBN-13: 9780226983639

Published to Chicago Scholarship Online: February 2013

DOI: 10.7208/chicago/9780226983660.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM CHICAGO SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.chicago.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University of Chicago Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in CHSO for personal use.date: 23 September 2021

Renewals of Spirituality

Renewals of Spirituality

(p.213) Chapter Nine Renewals of Spirituality
Modes of Faith

Theodore Ziolkowski

University of Chicago Press

In a lecture called “Science as Vocation” delivered at the University of Munich in 1919, Max Weber observed that “liberation from the rationalism and intellectualism of science is the fundamental presupposition of life in community with the divine.” Weber realized that a new longing for release from the rationalism of science is “one of the fundamental watchwords to be gathered from reactions among those of our youth whose feelings are attuned to religion or who strive for religious experiences.” The novels of Aldous Huxley and W. Somerset Maugham reflect a pronounced obsession with religious mysticism in the 1920s and 1930s. When Weber, Paul Valéry, and others observed a turn to spirituality in response to the disorder of the war, what they had in mind was a genuine revival of the religious spirituality that was lost by many at the end of the nineteenth century. One of the conspicuous phenomena of the years surrounding World War I in Europe was the number of conversions among writers and intellectuals from all religious denominations, including Gertrud von le Fort and Evelyn Waugh.

Keywords:   spirituality, Max Weber, science, rationalism, religion, mysticism, Europe, conversions, Gertrud von le Fort, Evelyn Waugh

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