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The Power of TiananmenState-Society Relations and the 1989 Beijing Student Movement$
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Dingxin Zhao

Print publication date: 2001

Print ISBN-13: 9780226982601

Published to Chicago Scholarship Online: February 2013

DOI: 10.7208/chicago/9780226982625.001.0001

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Ecology-Based Mobilization and Movement Dynamics

Ecology-Based Mobilization and Movement Dynamics

(p.239) Eight Ecology-Based Mobilization and Movement Dynamics
The Power of Tiananmen

Dingxin Zhao

University of Chicago Press

A central question in social movement research has been that of the mechanisms of participant mobilization. Since the 1970s, social movement scholars have put great emphasis on the role of formal organizations and movement networks in movement mobilization. Currently, the idea that organizations and pre-existing networks are the basis of movement mobilization has become conventional wisdom. In Beijing, the ecology of university campuses facilitated student mobilization beyond its encouragement of movement organizations and student networks. This chapter examines the role of campus ecology in student mobilization during the 1989 Beijing Student Movement. It first discusses state-society relations and mobilization structures and then looks at universities in Beijing, focusing on their physical layout and typical student life on campus. It also considers interuniversity competition for student activism in Beijing, along with the April 27 demonstration.

Keywords:   1989 Beijing Student Movement, campus ecology, Beijing, student activism, student life, demonstration, universities, student mobilization, state-society relations

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