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Saving the NationEconomic Modernity in Republican China$
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Margherita Zanasi

Print publication date: 2006

Print ISBN-13: 9780226978734

Published to Chicago Scholarship Online: February 2013

DOI: 10.7208/chicago/9780226978741.001.0001

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From Nationalism to Collaboration

From Nationalism to Collaboration

(p.203) Chapter 7 From Nationalism to Collaboration
Saving the Nation

Margherita Zanasi

University of Chicago Press

This chapter highlights the deep impact of the intellectual constructs of nation building on the political life of Republican China. It also explores how different visions of nation led to two dramatically different defensive strategies after the eruption of full war with Japan. Wang Jingwei was in better position to exploit the needs of the Japanese for a strong and legitimate Chinese government and thus would be able to negotiate a more favorable peace. Preserving China's vitality became Chen Gongbo's main focus when he finally joined Wang in Nanjing shortly after the inauguration of the Reorganized National Government (RNG). Wang and Chen planned to use the Japanese to defeat Jiang and regain leadership over the Nationalist Party and the nation. Their ideas of nation and nationalism became completely discredited in the postwar years, becoming exclusively identified with collaboration and divorced from any memory of their wider prewar political framework.

Keywords:   nation building, Republican China, Japan, Wang Jingwei, Chinese government, Chen Gongbo, Nationalist Party, nationalism

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