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Cultures of Border ControlSchengen and the Evolution of European Frontiers$
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Ruben Zaiotti

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780226977867

Published to Chicago Scholarship Online: March 2013

DOI: 10.7208/chicago/9780226977881.001.0001

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Accounting for Schengen: Cultures of Border Control and Their Evolution

Accounting for Schengen: Cultures of Border Control and Their Evolution

(p.21) Two Accounting for Schengen: Cultures of Border Control and Their Evolution
Cultures of Border Control
University of Chicago Press

This chapter reviews the main tenets of the three cultures of border control that define the European case (“Westphalia,” “Schengen,” and “Brussels”). It also discusses the concept of “cultural evolution” by offering the main mechanisms—variation and selection—accounting for the emergence of Schengen as a new dominant culture of border control in Europe. It describes some methodological issues that this work raises, particularly the operationalization of the concepts of culture and cultural evolution. Members of the border control community can belong to several communities at the same time, and “move” from one to the other according to the circumstances. “Schengen” referred to the intergovernmental initiative that resulted in the creation of the Schengen regime, while “Brussels” considered the parallel project developed in the context of the European Union. The final stage of the cultural process pertained to the mechanism allowing a newly selected culture to persist over time.

Keywords:   Westphalia, Schengen, Brussels, cultural variation, cultural selection, Europe, border control, European Union

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