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Baroque Science$
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Ofer Gal and Raz Chen-Morris

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780226923987

Published to Chicago Scholarship Online: September 2013

DOI: 10.7208/chicago/9780226923994.001.0001

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Per aenigmate

Per aenigmate

Mirrors and Lenses as Cognitive Tools in upsoieval and Renaissance Europe

(p.53) Chapter Two Per aenigmate
Baroque Science

Ofer Gal

Raz Chen-Morris

University of Chicago Press

This chapter examines the use of mirrors and lenses as cognitive tools in Europe during the medieval and renaissance periods. It analyzes the medieval and renaissance assumptions about the direct and mediated vision that served as backdrop for Johannes Kepler and Galileo’s thoughts. It also discusses how the lens mediated between fantasy and truth and produced knowledge different from what Aristotelians hoped to achieve by direct observation of natural phenomena.

Keywords:   mirrors, lenses, cognitive tools, europe, johannes kepler, galileo, natural phenomena, fantasy, truth

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