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History's Babel: Scholarship, Professionalization, and the Historical Enterprise in the United States, 1880 - 1940

Robert B. Townsend


From the late nineteenth century until World War II, competing spheres of professional identity and practice redrew the field of history, establishing fundamental differences between the roles of university historians, archivists, staff at historical societies, history teachers, and others. This book takes us from the beginning of this professional shift—when the work of history included not just original research, but also teaching and the gathering of historical materials—to a state of microprofessionalization that continues to define the field today. Drawing on extensive research among the ... More

Keywords: late nineteenth century, World War II, professional identity, university historians, archivists, historical societies, history teachers, professional shift, research, history teaching

Bibliographic Information

Print publication date: 2013 Print ISBN-13: 9780226923925
Published to Chicago Scholarship Online: September 2013 DOI:10.7208/chicago/9780226923949.001.0001


Affiliations are at time of print publication.

Robert B. Townsend, author