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Social Security Programs and Retirement around the WorldHistorical Trends in Mortality and Health, Employment, and Disability Insurance Participation and Reforms$
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David A. Wise

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780226903095

Published to Chicago Scholarship Online: September 2013

DOI: 10.7208/chicago/9780226921952.001.0001

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. Disability in Belgium There Is More Than Meets the Eye

. Disability in Belgium There Is More Than Meets the Eye

(p.251) 6. Disability in Belgium There Is More Than Meets the Eye
Social Security Programs and Retirement around the World

Alain Jousten

Mathieu Lefebvre

Sergio Perelman

University of Chicago Press

This chapter evaluates whether there is a systematic link between indicators of population health—both objective and subjective—and program participation, and also describes the role of the disability insurance system in the wider social security system. It begins by discussing the institutional landscape of the Belgian social insurance and assistance schemes, and details the changes in different early retirement schemes over time, with an emphasis on those relevant in the disability context. The chapter then provides an overview of historical data on health trends, and shows the link between health status and mortality trends, on the one side, and labor market and disability participation, on the other. Next, it analyzes program participation, with a special emphasis on the link between behavioral trends and changes in the program design.

Keywords:   disability insurance, social security system, social insurance, early retirement, health status, mortality, labor market

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