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Social Security Programs and Retirement around the WorldHistorical Trends in Mortality and Health, Employment, and Disability Insurance Participation and Reforms$
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David A. Wise

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780226903095

Published to Chicago Scholarship Online: September 2013

DOI: 10.7208/chicago/9780226921952.001.0001

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. Health, Disability, and Pathways into Retirement in Spain

. Health, Disability, and Pathways into Retirement in Spain

(p.127) 3. Health, Disability, and Pathways into Retirement in Spain
Social Security Programs and Retirement around the World

Pilar García-Gómez

Sergi Jiménez-Martín

Judit Vall Castelló

University of Chicago Press

This chapter, which analyzes the trends in labor force participation and transitions to benefit programs of older workers in Spain, shows that despite the large improvements in mortality rates among older individuals, the employment rates of individuals over fifty-five remain lower compared to the rates observed in the late 1970s. There is no conclusive evidence on whether morbidity has improved or worsened during the period of analysis. Regarding the effects of social security reforms, the study finds that both the 1997 and the 2002 reforms decreased the stock into old-age benefits at the cost of an increased share into disability.

Keywords:   disability insurance, labor force participation, disability benefits, older workers, social security reforms

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