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Social Security Programs and Retirement around the WorldHistorical Trends in Mortality and Health, Employment, and Disability Insurance Participation and Reforms$
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David A. Wise

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780226903095

Published to Chicago Scholarship Online: September 2013

DOI: 10.7208/chicago/9780226921952.001.0001

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. Disability, Health, and Retirement in the United Kingdom

. Disability, Health, and Retirement in the United Kingdom

(p.41) 1. Disability, Health, and Retirement in the United Kingdom
Social Security Programs and Retirement around the World

James Banks

Richard Blundell

Antoine Bozio

Carl Emmerson

University of Chicago Press

This chapter examines changes in health and disability-related transfers in the UK over the last thirty years and their relation to changes in labor force participation. It first traces the evolution of transfers targeted toward people with disabilities in the UK, focusing on recent reforms and the distinctive features of these benefits compared to their equivalents in other countries. The chapter then presents the evidence on the different pathways to retirement in the UK, and the evidence on various health measures, including mortality and self-reported health, contrasting these with labor market outcomes. Next, it discusses two major reforms of the UK disability benefit system—the 1995 reform and the more recent “Pathways-to-Work” program—which help shed light on the long-term changes in disability prevalence in the UK.

Keywords:   disability transfers, disability insurance, labor force participation, retirement, mortality, self-reported health, disability benefit system, disability reform

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