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Social Security Programs and Retirement around the WorldHistorical Trends in Mortality and Health, Employment, and Disability Insurance Participation and Reforms$
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David A. Wise

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780226903095

Published to Chicago Scholarship Online: September 2013

DOI: 10.7208/chicago/9780226921952.001.0001

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Introduction and Summary

Introduction and Summary

(p.1) Introduction and Summary
Social Security Programs and Retirement around the World

Kevin Milligan

David A. Wise

University of Chicago Press

This book begins a series of analyses on the effect of disability programs on retirement and the potential effects of changes in these programs on the labor force participation of older workers. This introductory chapter summarizes the collective results of the country analyses in the subsequent chapters, beginning in Section I.1 by considering changes in mortality over time, and in particular the relationship between mortality and labor force participation. Section I.2 considers how mortality is related to self-assessed health, perhaps the most widely used single measure of health status within countries, and Section I.3 examines how mortality is related to other indicators of health status. Section I.4 considers how disability insurance (DI) reforms are related to changes in health, in particular measured by changes in mortality. Section I.5 considers DI reforms as natural experiments and shows that these “exogenous” reforms can have a very large effect on the labor force participation of older workers.

Keywords:   disability programs, disability insurance, retirement, labor force participation, older workers, mortality, self-assessed health, insurance reform

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