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Marine Macroecology$
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Jon D. Witman and Kaustuv Roy

Print publication date: 2009

Print ISBN-13: 9780226904115

Published to Chicago Scholarship Online: February 2013

DOI: 10.7208/chicago/9780226904146.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM CHICAGO SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.chicago.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University of Chicago Press, 2020. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in CHSO for personal use.date: 17 February 2020

Macroecological Patterns Among Marine Fishes

Macroecological Patterns Among Marine Fishes

Chapter:
(p.122) Chapter Five Macroecological Patterns Among Marine Fishes
Source:
Marine Macroecology
Author(s):

Enrique Macpherson

Philip A. Hastings

D. Ross Robertson

Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:10.7208/chicago/9780226904146.003.0005

This chapter reviews current knowledge about patterns in the distribution and diversity of marine fish species in the context of the enormous spatial and temporal variation that results from oceanographic variability. This chapter also discusses processes commonly implicated in controlling the distribution and regional diversity of marine fishes. Broader study of the genetics of putative species, especially widespread coral reef species and open-ocean species may reveal significantly greater cryptic species diversity. In addition, recent analysis indicates no decline in the rate of morphospecies descriptions of tropical shore-fishes in recent decades. The chapter is also couched within the prevailing concept of species. Broader application of a phylogenetic species concept, recently advocated for coral-reef fishes, would result in an increase in overall species diversity and a concomitant decrease in average species range.

Keywords:   marine environments, regional diversity, macroecological, marine fish, coral-reef fishes

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