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Marine Macroecology$
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Jon D. Witman and Kaustuv Roy

Print publication date: 2009

Print ISBN-13: 9780226904115

Published to Chicago Scholarship Online: February 2013

DOI: 10.7208/chicago/9780226904146.001.0001

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Experimental Marine Macroecology: Progress and Prospects

Experimental Marine Macroecology: Progress and Prospects

(p.341) Chapter Thirteen Experimental Marine Macroecology: Progress and Prospects
Marine Macroecology

Jon D. Witman

Kaustuv Roy

University of Chicago Press

The goal of macroecology is to gain insight into large scale ecological phenomena mainly through rigorous statistical analyses of information on species abundance, diversity, body size, and range size. Over the last decade, such analyses have revealed a number of large-scale trends that hold across taxa and across the land-sea boundary. The allometric scaling relationship between body size and abundance has been quantified in a wide variety of groups, from higher plants to marine invertebrates and phytoplankton, although debate continues over whether there is a universal exponent. Species diversity of a variety of taxa, from plants and terrestrial vertebrates to corals and marine mollusks, has been shown to scale positively with available energy. Such statistical trends are being increasingly documented for both marine and terrestrial organisms.

Keywords:   macroecology, marine system, taxa, allometric scaling, marine invertebrates, phytoplankton, species diversity

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