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Marine Macroecology$
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Jon D. Witman and Kaustuv Roy

Print publication date: 2009

Print ISBN-13: 9780226904115

Published to Chicago Scholarship Online: February 2013

DOI: 10.7208/chicago/9780226904146.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM CHICAGO SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.chicago.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University of Chicago Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in CHSO for personal use.date: 19 September 2021

Macroecological Changes in Exploited Marine Systems

Macroecological Changes in Exploited Marine Systems

Chapter:
(p.310) Chapter Twelve Macroecological Changes in Exploited Marine Systems
Source:
Marine Macroecology
Author(s):

Derek P. Tittensor

Boris Worm

Ransom A. Myers

Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:10.7208/chicago/9780226904146.003.0012

The oceans have been used as an important source of food and materials for much of human history and prehistory, and until relatively recently were viewed as inexhaustible. Fishing has an effect at many levels in addition to that of the population and the species. Life-history changes, habitat alteration, and changes in community structure may also result, and these can all lead to detectable changes in the macroecology of the marine environment. This chapter takes a broad view of macroecology as being the effect of local and small-scale processes upon large-scale patterns in the marine environment, and the analysis and utilization of these large-scale statistical patterns to infer ecological change from local to global scales. The new tools and analytical processes that a macroecological viewpoint provides enable us to view the interactions and synergies between biological and ecological processes in multiple dimensions.

Keywords:   macroecology, ecosystem, biodiversity, marine species, marine system, ocean

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