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Marine Macroecology$
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Jon D. Witman and Kaustuv Roy

Print publication date: 2009

Print ISBN-13: 9780226904115

Published to Chicago Scholarship Online: February 2013

DOI: 10.7208/chicago/9780226904146.001.0001

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Macroecological Theory and the Analysis of Species Richness Gradients

Macroecological Theory and the Analysis of Species Richness Gradients

(p.279) Chapter Eleven Macroecological Theory and the Analysis of Species Richness Gradients
Marine Macroecology

Sean R. Connolly

University of Chicago Press

The practice of attributing geographical variation in species richness to coincident variation in environmental conditions has a long history. In the marine realm, species richness gradients have been attributed to some of the same variables that have been invoked on land, such as average temperatures, seasonal climatic variability, habitat availability, and productivity. Explanations for particular patterns in the marine realm (e.g., longitudinal gradients in the Indo-Pacific) have also invoked mechanisms specific to those contexts, such as ocean currents, and vicariance events due to Plio-Pleistocene sea-level fluctuations.

Keywords:   species richness, macroecological theory, marine species, diversity gradients, geographical variation, environmental mechanism, sea-level fluctuation

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