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Marine Macroecology$
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Jon D. Witman and Kaustuv Roy

Print publication date: 2009

Print ISBN-13: 9780226904115

Published to Chicago Scholarship Online: February 2013

DOI: 10.7208/chicago/9780226904146.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM CHICAGO SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.chicago.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University of Chicago Press, 2019. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in CHSO for personal use.date: 17 October 2019

Macroecological Theory and the Analysis of Species Richness Gradients

Macroecological Theory and the Analysis of Species Richness Gradients

Chapter:
(p.279) Chapter Eleven Macroecological Theory and the Analysis of Species Richness Gradients
Source:
Marine Macroecology
Author(s):

Sean R. Connolly

Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:10.7208/chicago/9780226904146.003.0011

The practice of attributing geographical variation in species richness to coincident variation in environmental conditions has a long history. In the marine realm, species richness gradients have been attributed to some of the same variables that have been invoked on land, such as average temperatures, seasonal climatic variability, habitat availability, and productivity. Explanations for particular patterns in the marine realm (e.g., longitudinal gradients in the Indo-Pacific) have also invoked mechanisms specific to those contexts, such as ocean currents, and vicariance events due to Plio-Pleistocene sea-level fluctuations.

Keywords:   species richness, macroecological theory, marine species, diversity gradients, geographical variation, environmental mechanism, sea-level fluctuation

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