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Marine Macroecology$
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Jon D. Witman and Kaustuv Roy

Print publication date: 2009

Print ISBN-13: 9780226904115

Published to Chicago Scholarship Online: February 2013

DOI: 10.7208/chicago/9780226904146.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM CHICAGO SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.chicago.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University of Chicago Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in CHSO for personal use.date: 27 September 2021

Temperature and Marine Macroecology

Temperature and Marine Macroecology

(p.250) Chapter Ten Temperature and Marine Macroecology
Marine Macroecology

Andrew Clarke

University of Chicago Press

Temperature is one of the most important physical factors affecting organisms. Temperature, typically combined with other environmental factors such as climate, has long been regarded as a key factor regulating the diversity of organisms, and from the time of the earliest naturalists the perceived favorableness of climate has been regarded as a key factor in determining how many and what kinds of organisms could live in a given place. Although many of these ideas were developed for the terrestrial realm, they have frequently been extended to the sea. Marine environments have many environmental features in common with the terrestrial realm, including movement, light, photoperiod, and temperature, but there are also some more specifically aquatic factors such as nutrient concentration and salinity. Most attention in this chapter, however, has been directed at temperature.

Keywords:   temperature, organism, surface waters, hemispheres, global pattern, marine macroecology

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