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Marine Macroecology$
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Jon D. Witman and Kaustuv Roy

Print publication date: 2009

Print ISBN-13: 9780226904115

Published to Chicago Scholarship Online: February 2013

DOI: 10.7208/chicago/9780226904146.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM CHICAGO SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.chicago.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University of Chicago Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in CHSO for personal use.date: 19 September 2021

Overview of Marine Biodiversity

Overview of Marine Biodiversity

(p.3) Chapter One Overview of Marine Biodiversity
Marine Macroecology

James W. Valentine

University of Chicago Press

This chapter reviews the environmental framework of the sea and its relation to major biodiversity patterns, and focuses on some of the leading hypotheses proposed to explain those relationships. The major biotic patterns are global or regional, and it is plausible to relate them to global or regional patterns of ecological parameters in the marine environment. Most hypotheses of major biodiversity patterns involve temperature, environmental heterogeneity, trophic resources, and biotic interactions. The chapter deals with such factors as they are distributed in larger environmental partitions, at levels from oceanic to subprovincial, in which correlates of local and regional diversities for distinctive faunal elements and ecological settings are examined in much more detail by workers with expertise in those systems.

Keywords:   environmental framework, biodiversity, marine biodiversity, taxa, latitudinal diversity, gradient, sea

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