This chapter creates a typology of collective violence. It then evaluates how forms and intensities of collective violence vary across regimes. It uses the evaluation to civil war and terror, varieties of contention that combine several different types of collective violence. Analysts of collective violence habitually choose among three descriptive strategies: lumping, everyday cataloging, and singling out. Both civil war and terror include collective violence at several different locations within the coordination-salience space. The terror can be located in relation to regimes and repertoires, as an aspect of collective violence. The public politics of high-capacity, democratic regimes brings together widespread collective claim-making; low salience, coordination, and overall levels of collective violence; and impressively restrained domestic use of the government's enormous coercive power. Less democratic and lower-capacity regimes, however, experience more authoritarian and/or more violent forms of contentious politics.
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