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Integrations – The Struggle for Racial Equality and Civic Renewal in Public Education - Chicago Scholarship Online
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Integrations: The Struggle for Racial Equality and Civic Renewal in Public Education

Lawrence Blum and Zoë Burkholder


Racial inequality has plagued the American school system for centuries. Since the 1954 Brown v. Board of Education decision, integration has been seen as the path to rectifying this inequality. Blum, a philosopher, and Burkholder, an historian, look at the history of the denial of equality to African Americans, Native Americans, Latinxs, and Asian Americans, and their struggles for educational justice. The four different groups have had differing histories and different complex relationships to the goal of integration, sometimes embracing it, sometimes rejecting it, yet always seeking equality ... More

Keywords: integration, segregation, white supremacy, educational equality, race and class, African Americans, Latinxs, Indigenous peoples, Asian Americans, racial equality

Bibliographic Information

Print publication date: 2021 Print ISBN-13: 9780226785981
Published to Chicago Scholarship Online: January 2022 DOI:10.7208/chicago/9780226786179.001.0001


Affiliations are at time of print publication.

Lawrence Blum, author
University of Massachusetts Boston

Zoë Burkholder, author
Montclair State University

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