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American Orchestras in the Nineteenth Century$
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John Spitzer

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780226769769

Published to Chicago Scholarship Online: March 2013

DOI: 10.7208/chicago/9780226769776.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM CHICAGO SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.chicago.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University of Chicago Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in CHSO for personal use.date: 21 September 2021

Building the American Symphony Orchestra

Building the American Symphony Orchestra

The Nineteenth-Century Roots of a Twenty-First-Century Musical Institution

(p.25) [I.1] Building the American Symphony Orchestra
American Orchestras in the Nineteenth Century

Mark Clague

University of Chicago Press

The corporate structure of Chicago's Orchestral Association was not a radical or new idea but represented a recombination and extension of nineteenth-century efforts. The club model, the cooperative model, the entrepreneurial model, the conservatory model, the concert society model, and the corporate model summed up early attempts to bring symphonic concert music to Chicago and move it toward a professional basis. The Chicago Symphony was one of the earliest examples of the corporate model. Chicago's second Philharmonic Society was not initially an orchestra at all. It mainly presented vocal music, including “glees, solos, quartets and choruses.” Chicago's third Philharmonic Society adopted the concert society model. The relatively frequent charity concerts performed by the Great Western Band and other musical societies were the most successful entrepreneurial concerts in Chicago using a local orchestra. Chicago's Orchestral Association was a key development in the future proliferation of symphony orchestras in the United States.

Keywords:   Chicago's Orchestral Association, club model, cooperative model, entrepreneurial model, conservatory model, concert society model, corporate model, Chicago Symphony, Philharmonic Society

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