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Segregation by Experience – Agency, Racism, and Learning in the Early Grades - Chicago Scholarship Online
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Segregation by Experience: Agency, Racism, and Learning in the Early Grades

Jennifer Keys Adair and Kiyomi Sánchez-Suzuki Colegrove


In this ethnography, the authors spend time with a first-grade classroom led by Ms. Bailey, a teacher who speaks four languages and immigrated from Burundi as a young adult. Ms. Bailey’s class included mostly children of color, many of whom spoke more than one language. Collectively and individually the class had many opportunities to enact their agency as part of their learning. The children could move around, discuss ideas, work together, design projects, initiate activities, talk about their real lives and help one another. The authors also spend time with over 250 superintendents, principa ... More

Keywords: early childhood education, agency, video-cued ethnography, racism, white supremacy, project based learning, children of color, Black teachers, family school relationships, children’s development

Bibliographic Information

Print publication date: 2021 Print ISBN-13: 9780226765587
Published to Chicago Scholarship Online: January 2022 DOI:10.7208/chicago/9780226765754.001.0001


Affiliations are at time of print publication.

Jennifer Keys Adair, author
University of Texas at Austin

Kiyomi Sánchez-Suzuki Colegrove, author
Texas State University