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Creating a Physical BiologyThe Three-Man Paper and Early Molecular Biology$
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Phillip R. Sloan and Brandon Fogel

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780226767826

Published to Chicago Scholarship Online: September 2013

DOI: 10.7208/chicago/9780226762777.001.0001

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Exhuming the Three-Man Paper: Target-Theoretical Research in the 1930s and 1940s

Exhuming the Three-Man Paper: Target-Theoretical Research in the 1930s and 1940s

(p.99) Chapter Four Exhuming the Three-Man Paper: Target-Theoretical Research in the 1930s and 1940s
Creating a Physical Biology

Richard H. Beyler

University of Chicago Press

This chapter shows that, far from having been buried, the Three-Man Paper (3MP) was cited—often with approval, occasionally with disapproval—in the work of biophysicists in at least a dozen or so locales of research in radiation biology. As might be expected, these users of the 3MP were found primarily in Germany, but also occasionally in various other countries including Great Britain, the United States, and France. In other words, in its own day the 3MP was a prominent contribution to a vigorous discourse among an international and interdisciplinary network of scientists, a discourse with its own problemata that do not necessarily correspond to those of later molecular biology. Moreover, though the 1935 paper was a landmark, taken either as a signal success or target of critique within this discourse, it was by no means a founding document.

Keywords:   biophysicists, radiation biology, Germany, Great Britain, United States, France, interdisciplinary network, Thre-Man Paper, molecular biology

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