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Worlds Before AdamThe Reconstruction of Geohistory in the Age of Reform$
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Martin J. S. Rudwick

Print publication date: 2008

Print ISBN-13: 9780226731285

Published to Chicago Scholarship Online: March 2013

DOI: 10.7208/chicago/9780226731308.001.0001

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The last mass extinction (1826–31)

The last mass extinction (1826–31)

Chapter:
(p.193) Chapter 14 The last mass extinction (1826–31)
Source:
Worlds Before Adam
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:10.7208/chicago/9780226731308.003.0015

This chapter describes what was widely taken to be growing evidence for the reality of a geologically recent “revolution,” based on how it seemed to have affected the living world. In the middle years of the 1820s, William Buckland worked hard to consolidate his claim that the effects of the enigmatic diluvial event had been extremely widespread or even worldwide. However, his diluvial interpretation of fossil evidence was continuously challenged by John Fleming's critique, namely that the “antediluvial” and “postdiluvial” faunas were not as distinct as Buckland (and Cuvier) claimed, and that the alleged mass extinction of the spectacular megafauna might in fact have been gradual, piecemeal, and due to the hunting and other activities of early humans. Charles Lyell emerged at this time as a shrewd commentator on current research. He was clearly in the mainstream of geological opinion: he expressed confidence in the almost consensual picture of geohistory as directional, in terms both of a gradually cooling global climate and of a broadly progressive fossil record.

Keywords:   William Buckland, John Fleming, Charles Lyell, geohistory, diluvial fossils, mass extinction, cooling climate

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