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Worlds Before AdamThe Reconstruction of Geohistory in the Age of Reform$

Martin J. S. Rudwick

Print publication date: 2008

Print ISBN-13: 9780226731285

Published to Chicago Scholarship Online: March 2013

DOI: 10.7208/chicago/9780226731308.001.0001

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1. Places and Specimens

1. Places and Specimens

Worlds Before Adam
University of Chicago Press

Bibliography references:

In all the historical research that lies behind the writing of this book (as also of its predecessor BLT), I have tried to follow historical actors not only in what they read and wrote, as represented by conventional textual sources, but also in what they saw, as represented by features of historical importance that can be studied in the field or in museums (for example, a specific rock outcrop or fossil specimen).

Listed below are the maps I have found helpful in following in the field the work of historical figures mentioned in this book, and in trying to understand their interpretations of what they saw, in the light of seeing the same features for myself (unlike the fauna and flora, many geological features have changed relatively little in the past two centuries, once one mentally subtracts the modern overlay of superhighways, power lines, urbanization, etc.). I list topographical rather than geological maps, because the latter are inherently interpretative and their use in the field intrudes modern concepts and conclusions into what should be an exercise in historical understanding. Most of the maps listed are on a fairly small scale, which is best suited to a preliminary appreciation of the issues; larger-scale maps are also invaluable while one is in the field. Some localities are listed more than once, because some sheets overlap substantially.

The second category of “material” sources, namely the historically decisive specimens that are still on public display in certain museums, should also logically be listed here. But since they have been cited in the footnotes with the same style of abbreviation as the libraries and archives that contain manuscript sources and pictures, the two lists have been combined, and all the abbreviations of this kind are explained in the “Manuscripts and Pictures” section below.

Like the textual sources listed in the bibliographies that follow, both lists are confined to features and specimens that I myself have been able to study at first hand. Many others, equally relevant and instructive, might have been included, had I had the time and opportunity to see them.


Institut Géographique National (1:100000): (p.568)


St-Dié, Mulhouse, Bâle: southern Vosges, Thann, Wesserling.


Dijon, Tournus: Grotte d̓Osselle.


Besançon, Lausanne: Jura, Neuchâtel (Switzerland).


Clermont-Ferrand, Montluçon: Monts Dore, Puy de Dôme, Olby, Lac Aidat, Lac Chambon, Boulade, etc. (Parc Naturel Régional des Volcans d̓Auvergne) [overlaps with sheet 49].


Annecy, Lausanne: Genève, Arve valley, Mont Blanc massif, Chamonix, upper Rhône valley, Lac Léman.


Clermont-Ferrand, Aurillac: Monts Dore, Monts du Cantal, Puy de Dôme, etc. (Parc Naturel Régional des Volcans d̓Auvergne) [overlaps with sheet 42].


St-Étienne, Le Puy-en-Velay: Le Puy, upper Loire.


Grenoble, Mont Blanc: Mont Blanc massif.


Privas, Aiès: Ardèche valley, Aubenas, Jaujac, Thueyts, etc. [Vivarais volcanoes].


Tarbes, Auch: Sansan.


Avignon, Montpellier: Rhône delta, Lunel-Viel, Sommières.


Béziers, Perpignan: Narbonne, Bize-Minervois.


Environs de Paris: Seine valley, Montmartre, Sèvres, Grignon, Fontainebleau, etc. [Paris Basin]


Fritsch Wanderkarte (1:35000):


Gössweinstein, Pottenstein: Muggendorf; Gailenreuth and other caves. Italy


Istituto Geografico Centrale (1:50000):


Massiccio di Monte Bianco: Mont Blanc massif, Chamonix.

Touring Club Italiano, Carta turistica (1:50000):

  • Parco del Etna: Etna and environs.

Kompass Carta turistica (1:50000):


Lago di Como, Lago di Lugano: Lake Como, Bellagio.

Touring Club Italiano, Grande carta stradale (1:200000):

  • Campania e Basilicata: Vesuvio, Campi Flegrei, Pompeii, Ercolano [Herculaneum].

  • Sicilia: Etna, Catania, Siracusa, Val di Noto, Agrigento, Enna.

  • Toscana: Florence, Siena, north and south flanks of Apennines.

  • Veneto, Friuli, Venezia, Giulia: Bolca, Euganean hills, Po delta.


Carte Nationale de la Suisse / Landeskarte der Schweiz (1:100000):


Vallorbe: Pays de Vaud, Jura.


Saane/Sarine: Neuchâtel.


Lac Léman: Genève, Lac Léman (Lake of Geneva), Jura.


Col du Pillon: upper Rhône valley, Monthey, Bex, Diablerets massif.


Oberwallis: upper Rhône valley, Fiesch glacier, Berner Alpen.


Val de Bagnes: Mont Blanc massif, Chamonix, Grand St-Bernard, Val de Bagnes.


Monte Rosa: Zermatt, Pennine Alps.

United Kingdom

Ordnance Survey, Landranger series (1:50000):


Fort Augustus, Glen Albyn & Glen Roy: Glen Spean, Glen Roy (Parallel Roads).


Dundee & Montrose, Forfar & Arbroath: Strathmore, Kirriemuir.


Edinburgh, Penicuik & North Berwick: Edinburgh Castle Rock, Corstorphine Hill.


Whitby & Eskdale, Robin Hood's Bay: Whitby, Yorkshire coastline.


Malton & Pickering, Helmsley & Easingwold: Vale of Pickering, Kirkdale.


Ludlow, Wenlock Edge: south Shropshire [Murchison's “type” Silurian area]


Stratford-upon-Avon, Warwick & Banbury and 164 Oxford, Chipping Norton & Bicester: Cherwell and upper Thames valleys, Stonesfield.


Exeter & Sidmouth and 193 Taunton & Lyme Regis, Chard & Bridport: Lyme Regis, East Devon and Dorset coastline.


The Solent & Isle of Wight, Southampton & Portsmouth: Isle of Wight, Hampshire coastline.


Brighton & Lewes, Haywards Heath: Lewes, Cuckfield.


Torbay & South Dartmoor. Torquay, Kent's Cavern.


Ordnance Survey, Explorer series (1:25000):


Cower, Llanelli: Gower peninsula, Paviland.