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Urban LowlandsA History of Neighborhoods, Poverty, and Planning$
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Steven T. Moga

Print publication date: 2020

Print ISBN-13: 9780226710532

Published to Chicago Scholarship Online: May 2021

DOI: 10.7208/chicago/9780226710679.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM CHICAGO SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.chicago.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University of Chicago Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in CHSO for personal use.date: 24 September 2021

Landscapes of Poverty and Power

Landscapes of Poverty and Power

(p.146) 6 Landscapes of Poverty and Power
Urban Lowlands

Steven T. Moga

University of Chicago Press

Chapter 6 compares four cases to examine commonalities and differences in the changing public debate over urban lowland neighborhoods during the period 1870 to 1940. They are Harlem Flats in New York City, Black Bottom in Nashville, Swede Hollow in Saint Paul, and The Flats in Los Angeles. The discussion is organized around four themes: disease, water problems, city building, and the redefinition of “slum.” Maps illustrate how industrial zoning, redlining, and highway construction, key components of modern city planning and urban renewal, reshaped the four lowland neighborhoods. Slum clearance programs catalyzed widespread demolition and public housing construction in East Harlem and East Los Angeles, while commercial and industrial zoning and housing deterioration led to population decline in Swede Hollow and Black Bottom. The chapter demonstrates how the decentralization and horizontal spread of the metropolitan landscape following World War II led to redevelopment in urban lowland neighborhoods and new forms of residential segregation.

Keywords:   zoning, redlining, urban planning, water problems, highway construction, public housing, urban renewal, modern city planning, slum clearance, segregation

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