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Phyllostomid Bats – A Unique Mammalian Radiation - Chicago Scholarship Online
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Phyllostomid Bats: A Unique Mammalian Radiation

Theodore H Fleming, Liliana M. Dávalos, and Marco A. R. Mello


With over two-hundred species distributed across most of mainland Mexico, Central and South America, and islands in the Caribbean Sea, the Phyllostomidae bat family (American leaf-nosed bats) is one of the world’s most diverse mammalian families in terms of its trophic, or feeding, diversity. From an insectivorous ancestry, extant species have evolved into several dietary classes, including blood-feeding, vertebrate carnivory, and the consumption of nectar, pollen, and fruit, in a period of about 30 million years. Phyllostomid plant-visiting species are responsible for pollinating over five-hu ... More

Keywords: adaptive radiation, American leaf-nosed bats, bat behavior, bat ecology, bat classification, bat evolution, Phyllostomidae

Bibliographic Information

Print publication date: 2020 Print ISBN-13: 9780226696126
Published to Chicago Scholarship Online: May 2021 DOI:10.7208/chicago/9780226696263.001.0001


Affiliations are at time of print publication.

Theodore H Fleming, editor
University of Miami

Liliana M. Dávalos, editor
Stony Brook University

Marco A. R. Mello, editor
University of São Paulo

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Front Matter

Section 1 Introduction

1 Overview of This Book

Theodore H. Fleming, Liliana M. Dávalos, and Marco A. R. Mello

2Setting the Stage

Theodore H. Fleming

Section 2 Phylogeny and Evolution

3 Phylogeny, Fossils, and Biogeography

Norberto P. Giannini and Paúl M. Velazco

4 Diversity and Discovery

Andrea L. Cirranello and Nancy B. Simmons

5 Fragments and Gaps

Nancy B. Simmons, Gregg F. Gunnell, and Nicolas J. Czaplewski

6 Phylogenetics and Historical Biogeography

Liliana M. Dávalos, Paúl M. Velazco, and Danny Rojas

7 Adapt or Live

Liliana M. Dávalos,* Andrea L. Cirranello,* Elizabeth R. Dumont, Stephen J. Rossiter, and Danny Rojas

8 The Evolution of Body Size in Noctilionoid Bats

Norberto P. Giannini, Lucila I. Amador, and R. Leticia Moyers Arévalo

Section 3 Contemporary Biology

9 Structure and Function of Bat Wings

Sharon M. Swartz and Justine J. Allen

10 The Relationship between Physiology and Diet

Ariovaldo P. Cruz-Neto and L. Gerardo Herrera M.

11 Sensory and Cognitive Ecology

Jeneni Thiagavel, Signe Brinkløv, Inga Geipel, and John M. Ratcliffe

12 Reproduction and Life Histories

Robert M. R. Barclay and Theodore H. Fleming

13 Patterns of Sexual Dimorphism and Mating Systems

Danielle M. Adams, Christopher Nicolay, and Gerald S. Wilkinson

Section 4 Trophic Ecology

14 The Omnivore’s Dilemma

Claire T. Hemingway, M. May Dixon, and Rachel A. Page

15 Vampire Bats

John W. Hermanson and Gerald G. Carter

16 The Ecology and Evolution of Nectar Feeders

Nathan Muchhala and Marco Tschapka

17 The Frugivores

Romeo A. Saldaña-Vázquez and Theodore H. Fleming

Section 5 Population and Community Ecology

18 Roosting Ecology

Armando Rodríguez-Durán

19 Population Biology

Theodore H. Fleming and Angela M. G. Martino

20 Community Ecology

Richard D. Stevens and Sergio Estrada-Villegas

21 Network Science as a Framework for Bat Studies

Marco A. R. Mello and Renata L. Muylaert*

22 Contemporary Biogeography

Richard D. Stevens, Marcelo M. Weber, and Fabricio Villalobos

Section 6 Conservation

23 Challenges and Opportunities for the Conservation of Brazilian Phyllostomids

Enrico Bernard, Mariana Delgado-Jaramillo, Ricardo B. Machado, and Ludmilla M. S. Aguiar

24 Threats, Status, and Conservation Perspectives for Leaf-Nosed Bats

Jafet M. Nassar, Luis F. Aguirre, Bernal Rodríguez-Herrera and Rodrigo A. Medellín