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The Roles of Immigrants and Foreign Students in US Science, Innovation, and Entrepreneurship$
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Ina Ganguli, Shulamit Kahn, and Megan MacGarvie

Print publication date: 2020

Print ISBN-13: 9780226695624

Published to Chicago Scholarship Online: September 2020

DOI: 10.7208/chicago/9780226695761.001.0001

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(p.1) Introduction
(p.iii) The Roles of Immigrants and Foreign Students in US Science, Innovation, and Entrepreneurship

Ina Ganguli

Shulamit Kahn

Megan MacGarvie

University of Chicago Press

Understanding labor markets for workers with specialized training in Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics (STEM) is essential for learning about the drivers of innovation and economic growth, yet these labor markets are complex and their dynamics are not fully understood by economists. Recent decades have seen increasingly important roles for the foreign-born in the US STEM workforce and among recipients of advanced degrees at US universities. Given the potential for STEM workers to contribute to the economic growth and continued prosperity of the United States, and in the context of the current public debate about immigration, it is important to understand what affects the supply of these workers. This volume provides evidence on the economic impacts of immigration on the STEM workforce. The chapters examine the location choices of innovative workers and return migration; the relationship between immigration and innovation with regard to initial inflows of migrants; and the relationship between high-skilled immigration and entrepreneurship, with contributions related to immigrant entrepreneur networks and contrasting immigrant and native PhDs’ entrepreneurship.

Keywords:   high-skilled immigratuon, foreign students, STEM workforce, innovation, immigrant entrepreneurship, immigrant poily, return migration, location preferences, economics of science

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