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Running the NumbersRace, Police, and the History of Urban Gambling$
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Matthew Vaz

Print publication date: 2020

Print ISBN-13: 9780226690445

Published to Chicago Scholarship Online: September 2020

DOI: 10.7208/chicago/9780226690582.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM CHICAGO SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.chicago.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University of Chicago Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in CHSO for personal use.date: 19 September 2021

Half of the Rest of Their Lives in Jail

Half of the Rest of Their Lives in Jail

(p.93) 4 Half of the Rest of Their Lives in Jail
Running the Numbers
Matthew Vaz
University of Chicago Press

This chapter explores a series of Supreme Court cases decided during the 1950s and 1960s. Many of the cases grew out of police abuses during gambling enforcement, in particular the widespread practice of engaging in unlawful search and seizure. The warrantless search by Cleveland police of the home of numbers woman Dollree Mapp, led to the landmark Fourth Amendment case Mapp v. Ohio, which redefined the parameters of police authority, and resulted in a string of subsequent cases curbing police abuses. The chapter also recounts a failed attempt by the federal government to regulate gambling through a registration and taxation program, which was eventually found to be in violation of the Fifth Amendment. With the collapse of the federal program of regulation, and with the courts depriving the police of the time honored tools of gambling enforcement, such as the warrantless raid, police leaders begin to look for alternatives to the problem of gambling.

Keywords:   Supreme Court, Mapp v Ohio, Fourth Amendment, Fifth Amendment, Wagering Stamp Tax, Kefauver Committee, Cleveland Police Department

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