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Science Periodicals in Nineteenth-Century BritainConstructing Scientific Communities$
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Gowan Dawson, Bernard Lightman, Sally Shuttleworth, and Jonathan R. Topham

Print publication date: 2020

Print ISBN-13: 9780226676517

Published to Chicago Scholarship Online: September 2020

DOI: 10.7208/chicago/9780226683461.001.0001

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Natural History Periodicals and Changing Conceptions of the Naturalist Community, 1828–65

Natural History Periodicals and Changing Conceptions of the Naturalist Community, 1828–65

Chapter:
(p.172) Chapter 5 Natural History Periodicals and Changing Conceptions of the Naturalist Community, 1828–65
Source:
Science Periodicals in Nineteenth-Century Britain
Author(s):

Geoffrey Belknap

Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:10.7208/chicago/9780226683461.003.0006

This chapter explores the changing visions for one of the first subject specialist periodical formats of the nineteenth century, the natural history periodical. It follows three broadly differing visions for natural history periodicals between 1828 and 1865, which began with John Claudius Loudon’s Magazine of Natural History, was adapted by Richard Taylor and William Francis’s Annals and Magazine of Natural History, and ended with Thomas Henry Huxley’s Natural History Review. For Loudon, a natural history periodical was a communal space where the work of the periodical was “supported by the voluntary contribution of their readers.” For Huxley, natural history was an antiquated practice, in need of reform. In between these two visions lay the Annals and Magazine, which struck a balance between these two poles. A mixture of these visions would form foundational aspects of the specialist scientific periodical culture of the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. These visions would take different form in specialist scientific periodicals like Nature in the late nineteenth century but also in more subject specific periodicals like the Journal of Anatomy and Physiology. Non-professional naturalists, moreover, continued to contribute to natural history, but increasingly in their own periodicals such as Hardwicke’s Science Gossip.

Keywords:   Natural History, Naturalist, John Claudius Loudon, Taylor & Francis, Thomas Henry Huxley, Visions of Science

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