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Union by LawFilipino American Labor Activists, Rights Radicalism, and Racial Capitalism$
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Michael W. McCann and George I. Lovell

Print publication date: 2020

Print ISBN-13: 9780226679877

Published to Chicago Scholarship Online: September 2020

DOI: 10.7208/chicago/9780226680071.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM CHICAGO SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.chicago.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University of Chicago Press, 2022. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in CHSO for personal use.date: 27 May 2022

Filipino Migration to the Metropole

Filipino Migration to the Metropole

Racism, Resistance, and Rights

(p.67) 1 Filipino Migration to the Metropole
Union by Law

Michael W. McCann

George I. Lovell

University of Chicago Press

This chapter documents the migration of Filipinos conscripted for exploitive low-wage labor in the metropole, especially in West Coast agricultural fields and Alaska salmon canneries. The nativist, racist, and class hierarchies that animated the repressive, often violent response of white American citizens through both official law and social practice are chronicled, drawing on actual historical events and the semi-fictional literary accounts by Carlos Bulosan. The second half of the chapter recounts three case studies of early struggles by Filipino colonial nationals to mobilize rights – seeking citizenship for military service; permitting interracial marriage; and owning or leasing property to reclaim ownership of productive power. Chapter Two concludes by reflecting on the origins and manifestations of a distinctive Filipino “oppositional legal consciousness.”

Keywords:   migration, colonial national, nativism, racism, Carlos Bulosan, rights, citizenship, anti-miscegenation, property, legal consciousness

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