Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
The Challenge of NietzscheHow to Approach His Thought$
Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content.

Jeremy Fortier

Print publication date: 2020

Print ISBN-13: 9780226679396

Published to Chicago Scholarship Online: September 2020

DOI: 10.7208/chicago/9780226679426.001.0001

Show Summary Details
Page of

PRINTED FROM CHICAGO SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.chicago.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University of Chicago Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in CHSO for personal use.date: 13 June 2021

The Program of Self-Discipline in The Wanderer and His Shadow

The Program of Self-Discipline in The Wanderer and His Shadow

(p.40) Chapter Two The Program of Self-Discipline in The Wanderer and His Shadow
The Challenge of Nietzsche

Jeremy Fortier

University of Chicago Press

The publication of Human, All Too Human constituted Nietzsche’s declaration of independence as an author, thinker, and human being. In this work Nietzsche separated himself from his youthful guiding lights (the philosopher Arthur Schopenhauer and the composer Richard Wagner) by establishing his own ideal of the “Free Spirit". But after Nietzsche published the first installment of Human, All Too Human, he added two further installments, and his understanding of what it would take to live as a Free Spirit evolved in the process. In the last of the those installments, The Wanderer and His Shadow, the challenges or limitations of the Free Spirit project become especially evident. Nietzsche shows that the Free Spirit’s admirable independence has to be attained through the adoption of an austere self-discipline (involving what Nietzsche characterizes as a restraining or quieting of the heart) that leaves one cut off from attractive and authentic goods characteristic of wholehearted attachment to broader human community. This chapter also shows that Nietzsche’s reflections in The Wanderer were particularly influenced by his discovery of Xenophon’s Socrates, as an alternative to the more famous Platonic portrait.

Keywords:   Free Spirit, Socrates, Plato, Xenophon, self discipline

Chicago Scholarship Online requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books within the service. Public users can however freely search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter.

Please, subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.

To troubleshoot, please check our FAQs, and if you can't find the answer there, please contact us.