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Social Security Programs and Retirement around the WorldReforms and Retirement Incentives$
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Axel Börsch-Supan and Courtney C. Coile

Print publication date: 2021

Print ISBN-13: 9780226674100

Published to Chicago Scholarship Online: September 2021

DOI: 10.7208/chicago/9780226674247.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM CHICAGO SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.chicago.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University of Chicago Press, 2022. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in CHSO for personal use.date: 26 June 2022

Social Security Programs and Employment at Older Ages in the Netherlands

Social Security Programs and Employment at Older Ages in the Netherlands

Chapter:
(p.297) 8 Social Security Programs and Employment at Older Ages in the Netherlands
Source:
Social Security Programs and Retirement around the World
Author(s):

Klaas de Vos

Arie Kapteyn

Adriaan Kalwij

Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:10.7208/chicago/9780226674247.003.0008

There have been a vast number of social security reforms aimed at increasing employment at older ages over the last two decades in the Netherlands. We examine the eligibility criteria and the generosity of the different social security programs from 1980 until 2016, and the changes during this period in the implicit tax rates on working longer at older ages induced by these programs. The reforms mainly lead to more stringent eligibility criteria for, and reduced generosity of, social security programs. Our empirical evidence suggests that these reforms are likely to have contributed to individuals working longer, but it is difficult to pinpoint which reforms have had the largest effects. In addition, we examine the importance of the state pension eligibility age (SPA) for working longer and show that the recent increase in SPA has increased employment. Planned increases in SPA for the current workers are likely to further increase employment at older ages.

Keywords:   pension reform, incentives, tax rates, employment, Netherlands, older workers, earnings, implicit tax, working longer

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