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The Wealth and Poverty of RegionsWhy Cities Matter$
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Mario Polese

Print publication date: 2010

Print ISBN-13: 9780226673158

Published to Chicago Scholarship Online: February 2013

DOI: 10.7208/chicago/9780226673172.001.0001

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Cities and National Economic Growth: An Asymmetrical Relationship

Cities and National Economic Growth: An Asymmetrical Relationship

Chapter:
(p.128) 5 Cities and National Economic Growth: An Asymmetrical Relationship
Source:
The Wealth and Poverty of Regions
Author(s):

Mario Polèse

Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:10.7208/chicago/9780226673172.003.0005

Examining the relationship between national economic growth and urbanization allows for a better understanding of why the relationship between cities and the origins of wealth is not straightforward, but also why the experience of today's urbanizing nations is different from that of industrialized nations, which urbanized many decades earlier. This chapter emphasizes the positive relationship between size and wealth that leads to the conclusion that cities, especially big ones, automatically create wealth. The growth of wealth and the growth of cities go hand in hand. The process of wealth creation is like a many-layered cake. The ultimate source is seldom purely local. And, in the porous world of regional economics, the sources of wealth can be won and lost. For the nation's largest city, the accumulation over many decades, even centuries, of human population gives it an advantage over its smaller rivals.

Keywords:   national economic growth, wealth creation, economic growth, urbanization, industrialized nations

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