Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Why Study Biology by the Sea?$
Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content.

Karl S. Matlin, Jane Maienschein, and Rachel A. Ankeny

Print publication date: 2020

Print ISBN-13: 9780226672762

Published to Chicago Scholarship Online: September 2020

DOI: 10.7208/chicago/9780226673097.001.0001

Show Summary Details
Page of

PRINTED FROM CHICAGO SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.chicago.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University of Chicago Press, 2022. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in CHSO for personal use.date: 18 May 2022

Why Study Sex by the Sea? Marine Organisms and the Problems of Fertilization and Cell Cleavage

Why Study Sex by the Sea? Marine Organisms and the Problems of Fertilization and Cell Cleavage

(p.271) Eleven Why Study Sex by the Sea? Marine Organisms and the Problems of Fertilization and Cell Cleavage
Why Study Biology by the Sea?

Michael R. Dietrich

Nathan Crowe

Rachel A. Ankeny

University of Chicago Press

Fertilization and the first divisions of the resulting zygote are fundamental questions in developmental and cell biology. Scientific explorations of these processes in the twentieth century took place almost exclusively at marine stations. In this chapter, we use data from the General Embryological Information Service to map the organismal landscape during the postwar period with particular focus on studies of fertilization and cleavage, before exploring researchers’ choices of marine organisms. Given their role in the description of cell cleavage and the discovery of the acrosome reaction during fertilization, we concentrate on the scientific work of Katsuma and Jean Dan at the Misaki Marine Biological Station in Japan and the MBL at Woods Hole; this history forms a case study that explores themes relating to organismal choice and assumptions about diversity and generalizability. Rather than find the one right organism to investigate fertilization and cleavage and on which to base generalizations about these processes, the Dans deliberately explored a suite of organisms. We argue that these choices went beyond their interests or the accident of organismal availability at the seaside laboratories, but were integrally connected to their development and use of a repertoire associated with this type of research.

Keywords:   Fertilization, Cell Cleavage, Katsuma Dan, Jean Dan

Chicago Scholarship Online requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books within the service. Public users can however freely search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter.

Please, subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.

To troubleshoot, please check our FAQs, and if you can't find the answer there, please contact us.