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Why Study Biology by the Sea?$
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Karl S. Matlin, Jane Maienschein, and Rachel A. Ankeny

Print publication date: 2020

Print ISBN-13: 9780226672762

Published to Chicago Scholarship Online: September 2020

DOI: 10.7208/chicago/9780226673097.001.0001

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A Dual Mission: Research and Education as Critical Factors for the Scientific Integrity of the Marine Biological Laboratory

A Dual Mission: Research and Education as Critical Factors for the Scientific Integrity of the Marine Biological Laboratory

Chapter:
(p.167) Seven A Dual Mission: Research and Education as Critical Factors for the Scientific Integrity of the Marine Biological Laboratory
Source:
Why Study Biology by the Sea?
Author(s):

Kate Maccord

Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:10.7208/chicago/9780226673097.003.0008

In 1888 the Marine Biological Laboratory (MBL) was founded with a dual mission: research and education. While other American marine stations founded around that time also attempted similarly dual missions, they quickly fell out of balance, and only the MBL was able to maintain both research and education throughout its history. How and why did the MBL find a way to continue to grow and enhance its educational efforts and research despite periods of financial instability and internal division, and as other marine stations chose to bolster one or the other? This chapter attempts to answer this question by turning to both the history of the early years of the institution, as well as tracing the history of one of the foremost courses at the MBL, the Embryology course. I argue that Charles Otis Whitman, the MBL’s first Director and the first director of the Embryology course, and those he trained, created an environment at the MBL in which both research and education were crucial to the scientific integrity of the institution.

Keywords:   Embryology, Education, Marine Biological Laboratory

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