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Civic GiftsVoluntarism and the Making of the American Nation-State$
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Elisabeth S. Clemens

Print publication date: 2020

Print ISBN-13: 9780226559360

Published to Chicago Scholarship Online: September 2020

DOI: 10.7208/chicago/9780226670973.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM CHICAGO SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.chicago.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University of Chicago Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in CHSO for personal use.date: 19 September 2021

“Everything but Government Submarines”

“Everything but Government Submarines”

Limits of a Semi-governmental System

Chapter:
(p.139) 5 “Everything but Government Submarines”
Source:
Civic Gifts
Author(s):

Elisabeth S. Clemens

Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:10.7208/chicago/9780226670973.003.0006

The mobilization for the First World War had been organized through a powerful configuration of voluntary associations and national agencies. After the war, what use could be made of these arrangements? National organizations such as the American Red Cross struggled to define a new mission suited to domestic efforts during peacetime. Local organizations, notably the Community Chests, were increasingly influential as a civic alternative to municipal government. But with the Mississippi River flood of 1927 and the onset of the drought and unemployment that would become the Great Depression, these models were deployed to meet new and difficult crises. Prior to the New Deal, the limits of voluntary responses to the Great Depression created the context in which a substantial expansion of federal aid could be contemplated.

Keywords:   American Red Cross, Community Chest, Herbert Hoover, block aid, Great Depression

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