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The Origins of the Dual CityHousing, Race, and Redevelopment in Twentieth-Century Chicago$
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Joel Rast

Print publication date: 2019

Print ISBN-13: 9780226661445

Published to Chicago Scholarship Online: May 2020

DOI: 10.7208/chicago/9780226661612.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM CHICAGO SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.chicago.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University of Chicago Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in CHSO for personal use.date: 30 July 2021

How Policy Paradigms Change

How Policy Paradigms Change

(p.1) Chapter One How Policy Paradigms Change
The Origins of the Dual City

Joel Rast

University of Chicago Press

Social scientists generally explain political behavior through interest-based explanations. In this perspective, actors are said to behave the way they do because it is in their interests to do so. This chapter argues that behavior is influenced both by material interests as well as the ideas actors hold about how to best realize their interests. Such ideas include policy paradigms, which represent the conventional wisdom in a given policy area. As policy paradigms for engaging with Chicago’s economically distressed areas changed over the course of the twentieth century, the political behavior of actors shifted to conform with the conventional wisdom of the time.

Keywords:   policy paradigms, historical institutionalism, American political development, paradigm change, punctuated equilibrium, policy feedback, preference formation, ideational approach, ideational perspective

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