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Uncivil RightsTeachers, Unions, and Race in the Battle for School Equity$
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Jonna Perrillo

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780226660714

Published to Chicago Scholarship Online: February 2013

DOI: 10.7208/chicago/9780226660738.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM CHICAGO SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.chicago.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University of Chicago Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in CHSO for personal use.date: 16 September 2021

Organizing the Oppressed Teacher

Organizing the Oppressed Teacher

Teachers' Rights in the Cold War

Chapter:
(p.82) Chapter 3 Organizing the Oppressed Teacher
Source:
Uncivil Rights
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:10.7208/chicago/9780226660738.003.0004

This chapter focuses on the transformation of the teacher unions between 1950 and 1960 that came about due to teacher assignment campaigns. Organizations such as the Urban League and various parent study groups largely focused on teacher quality as the major obstacle to the fair and equal education of black students with the increase in postwar civil rights campaigns. All these investigations were supported by the Teacher Union and it also supported plans of the Board of Education to transfer experienced teachers to minority schools. During this time, the Teachers Guild became more determined to organize teachers and consolidate the city's multitudinous existing teacher organizations into one movement by the use of campaigns focusing on the idea of the “oppressed teacher.” The oppressed-teacher argument helped to depoliticize conversations and it became more difficult to ignore race politics in city schools. The Guild consolidated with other teacher organizations to form the UFT that symbolized the growing division between teachers' rights and civil rights in 1959.

Keywords:   oppressed teacher, Urban League, parent study groups, black students, Teachers Guild, Teacher Union, teachers, schools, civil rights

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