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Uncivil RightsTeachers, Unions, and Race in the Battle for School Equity$
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Jonna Perrillo

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780226660714

Published to Chicago Scholarship Online: February 2013

DOI: 10.7208/chicago/9780226660738.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM CHICAGO SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.chicago.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University of Chicago Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in CHSO for personal use.date: 16 September 2021

Building a “New Social Order”

Building a “New Social Order”

Teachers, Teacher Unions, and Equity in the Great Depression

Chapter:
(p.15) Chapter 1 Building a “New Social Order”
Source:
Uncivil Rights
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:10.7208/chicago/9780226660738.003.0002

This chapter describes the start of the black civil rights movement for equal education in Harlem, which had a significant impact on teacher unionism. It is observed that in the 1930s both the teacher unions and black civil rights movement took a new form in terms of political context. The riot of 1935 in Harlem and the formation of organization of parents and activists led the unionists to respond to new social and political causes. This chapter signifies that race politics was central to the competing political ideologies that resulted from the 1935 split of the Teachers Union into the communist Teachers Union and the socialist Teachers Guild. Thus, by World War II, both unions had a position in the schools of Harlem that were linked to the views about teachers, political action, and building “a new social order” by the schools.

Keywords:   new social order, civil rights, equal education, teacher unions, black civil rights movement, Teachers Union, Teachers Guild, Harlem

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