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The Voice as Something MoreEssays toward Materiality$
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Martha Feldman and Judith T. Zeitlin

Print publication date: 2019

Print ISBN-13: 9780226656397

Published to Chicago Scholarship Online: May 2020

DOI: 10.7208/chicago/9780226656427.001.0001

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The Artist’s Impression: Ethel Waters as Mimic

The Artist’s Impression: Ethel Waters as Mimic

Chapter:
(p.128) 6 The Artist’s Impression: Ethel Waters as Mimic
Source:
The Voice as Something More
Author(s):

Laurie Stras

Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:10.7208/chicago/9780226656427.003.0007

The voice has been theorized variously as an expression of collectivity, of individuality, of the raw materiality of the body, and of the practices of culture and identity. The work of the vocal impressionist, however, disrupts the relationship between voice and body, and problematizes the voice’s articulation of a unique, embodied identity, even while it is paradoxically dependent on it. On the 1925 Columbia side, “Maybe Not At All,” the vaudeville singer and actress Ethel Waters performs as herself, as Clara Smith, and as “the Empress,” Bessie Smith, altering not only her vocal production but also the feel of the song via melodic and lyrical interpolations. This chapter considers how singers learned their craft through imitation, and what the implications of phonography are on that process. It examines the paradox of mimicry in relation to the blueswomen of early 1920s America, and discusses how imitation might have contributed to their success, individually and collectively. Finally, it observes how constructed vocality contributes to the formation of individual identity, encompassing race and sex, with the capacity to grant both social and political currency to the singer.

Keywords:   Ethel Waters, vocality, mimicry, identity, blueswomen, singer, vocal production, race, 1920s

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