The conclusion brings together the analyses of the previous chapters to explicate the ways in which fifth- and fourth- century sources used the demos-tyrant analogy to gain analytical leverage on a cluster of political concepts, including accountability, advice, responsibility, and control. In doing so, the authors under consideration reveal themselves neither as rejectionist critics of democracy nor as engaged in a sympathetic project aiming to call Athenian democracy back to the best version of itself. Instead they used the demos-tyrant analogy, and a consideration of the politics of accountability and advice, to articulate a set of fundamental political questions and confront a series of difficult tensions political actors may face. Athenian democracy was committed both to political accountability and to a politics grounded in good counsel and frank discussion. Yet a commitment to both values does not guarantee that they will always fit neatly together or that institutions can be easily designed to facilitate both. In explicating that trade-off and dramatizing its stakes, the Greek authors discussed in the book offer reflections on politics that continue to resonate today.
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