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Higher and ColderA History of Extreme Physiology and Exploration$
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Vanessa Heggie

Print publication date: 2019

Print ISBN-13: 9780226650883

Published to Chicago Scholarship Online: May 2020

DOI: 10.7208/chicago/9780226650913.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM CHICAGO SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.chicago.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University of Chicago Press, 2022. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in CHSO for personal use.date: 29 June 2022

Gasping Lungs

Gasping Lungs

(p.19) Two Gasping Lungs
Higher and Colder

Vanessa Heggie

University of Chicago Press

This chapter looks at the history of altitude physiology from the mid nineteenth to the late twentieth century, using it as a case study for the conflict between laboratory models and so-called "real world" experience. It argues that previous histories of biomedicine have neglected the role of the field, and of expertise based in experience, in making sense of changes in twentieth century biomedical research. It also overturns the persistent myth of "gentlemanly amateurism" in early twentieth century mountaineering, revealing teams of climbers who used the latest technology to give them an "edge" on the mountainside.

Keywords:   mountaineering, physiology, altitude, field science, laboratory, amateurism, Everest, Himalaya, respiration

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