In the anglophone West sex panics erupted when gay rights movements and homosexual pedophile support groups emerged in the 1970s and 1980s to challenge age of consent laws and agitate for homosexual equality, acceptance of non-exploitive intergenerational relationships, and recognition of the sexual rights of children. This chapter traces the emergence of a pathologized category of the homosexual pedophile as an outgrowth of these sex panics. Examining the raid of the Australian chapter of the international Pedophile Support Group in 1983 as an instance of a broader anglophone response, it argues that categories of the "homosexual" and "pedophile" were rhetorically conflated by conservative religious and antihomosexual discourses in order to deflect attention away from intrafamilial child sexual abuse and from the distinctions being promoted by gay and pedophile groups between abuse, consent, agency, and empowerment. That homophobia has been a structuring feature of pedophile panics of this period as a way of scapegoating homosexuals for the problems of child sexual abuse has been widely remarked upon among historians. However, this chapter draws attention not only to the role of the scapegoat in panic formation, but the role of the sexual teenager.
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