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The Institutional Context of Population ChangePatterns of Fertility and Mortality across High-Income Nations$
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Fred C. Pampel

Print publication date: 2001

Print ISBN-13: 9780226645254

Published to Chicago Scholarship Online: February 2013

DOI: 10.7208/chicago/9780226645278.001.0001

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Relative Cohort Size and the Total Fertility Rate

Relative Cohort Size and the Total Fertility Rate

(p.77) Chapter 4 Relative Cohort Size and the Total Fertility Rate
The Institutional Context of Population Change

Fred C. Pampel

University of Chicago Press

Having presented theoretical arguments concerning the interactive relationships among cohort size, collectivism, and fertility, this chapter tests these arguments using the total fertility rate. It first describes cross-national and temporal patterns of the total fertility rate and then examines the determinants of those patterns. It shows that the small average relationship between relative cohort size and fertility varies substantially across nations, years, and levels of female labor force participation, which lends support to the basic thesis that institutional environments for social protection shape the meaning and consequences of relative cohort size for fertility. To make sense of the sometimes complex models, the chapter summarizes the implications of the statistical interactions by comparing coefficients across nations, time periods, and levels of female labor force participation. It reviews both the findings and the support they give to the theoretical claims of heterogeneity in relationships across sociopolitical contexts.

Keywords:   cohort size, collectivism, fertility rates, female labor force participation, social protection, institutional environments

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