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Murder in New OrleansThe Creation of Jim Crow Policing$
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Jeffrey S. Adler

Print publication date: 2019

Print ISBN-13: 9780226643311

Published to Chicago Scholarship Online: May 2020

DOI: 10.7208/chicago/9780226643458.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM CHICAGO SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.chicago.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University of Chicago Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in CHSO for personal use.date: 15 May 2021

“Cheaper than a Dime Sandwich”

“Cheaper than a Dime Sandwich”

Chapter:
(p.135) Chapter 6 “Cheaper than a Dime Sandwich”
Source:
Murder in New Orleans
Author(s):

Jeffrey S. Adler

Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:10.7208/chicago/9780226643458.003.0007

Chapter Six examines the continuing drop in violence and the institutionalization of Jim Crow criminal justice—and how these trends intersected. It explores the impact of the Great Depression on urban violence. White violence became concentrated in homes, shielding it from public view. At the same time, African American homicide decreased but more often occurred in public settings, distorting white perceptions of race and street life. As a result, the white criminal largely disappeared from discussions about crime, and law enforcers focused their attention on African American criminals. New Orleans cops and prosecutors elided African Americans with crime and overlooked white violence. World War II cemented these changes, as white officials viewed African American homicide as a threat to the war effort and devoted little attention to white homicide. Patterns of criminal violence became disconnected from trends in law enforcement, contributing to growing racial disparities in conviction and incarceration.

Keywords:   World War II, African American homicide, law enforcement, Jim Crow, Great Depression

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