Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
The Importance of Being UrbanDesigning the Progressive School District, 1890-1940$
Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content.

David A. Gamson

Print publication date: 2019

Print ISBN-13: 9780226634548

Published to Chicago Scholarship Online: January 2020

DOI: 10.7208/chicago/9780226634685.001.0001

Show Summary Details
Page of

PRINTED FROM CHICAGO SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.chicago.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University of Chicago Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in CHSO for personal use.date: 31 July 2021

Competing Visions for a Progressive Portland, Oregon

Competing Visions for a Progressive Portland, Oregon

Chapter:
(p.180) 5 Competing Visions for a Progressive Portland, Oregon
Source:
The Importance of Being Urban
Author(s):

David A. Gamson

Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:10.7208/chicago/9780226634685.003.0006

Chapter 5 opens with a portrait of Portland, Oregon School Superintendent Frank Rigler (1896-1913), who had designed a citywide curriculum so precise that he believed that on any given school day he “could sit in his office and know on what page in each book” students worked on throughout the city. Although Rigler received praise for his curricular plans, external school surveyors were shocked to find a system in which teachers were drained of enthusiasm by rigidly uniform prescribed practices. Rigler’s replacement, Lewis Alderman, an ambitious progressive school chief, introduced a wide range of pedagogical and organizational reforms, including a version of the Gary, Indiana platoon school plan. Unlike many other cities, Portland’s school board refused to institute district-wide administrative reorganization, and the system fluctuated between different styles of progressivism, often paralleling the municipal reforms undertaken concurrently. Portland was also pivotal in the debate about a school bill designed to abolish all private schools in the state, a referendum supported by the Ku Klux Klan, who argued that the initiative was an egalitarian approach to leveling society, though it did little to redress deep structural inequities in Progressive Era Portland.

Keywords:   Frank Rigler, Lewis Alderman, platoon schools, school surveys, course of study, Ku Klux Klan, municipal reform, school boards, inequality

Chicago Scholarship Online requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books within the service. Public users can however freely search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter.

Please, subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.

To troubleshoot, please check our FAQs, and if you can't find the answer there, please contact us.