Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
AbysmalA Critique of Cartographic Reason$
Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content.

Gunnar Olsson

Print publication date: 2007

Print ISBN-13: 9780226629308

Published to Chicago Scholarship Online: March 2013

DOI: 10.7208/chicago/9780226629322.001.0001

Show Summary Details
Page of

PRINTED FROM CHICAGO SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.chicago.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University of Chicago Press, 2022. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in CHSO for personal use.date: 26 May 2022

And Below

And Below

(p.25) And Below
University of Chicago Press

Points and lines were the stellar guides not only of the Babylonians but eventually also of Pytheas from Massalia (presently Marseilles), the Greek traveler who some time before 320 BCE left his home town for an adventurous journey to the northernmost limits of the oikumene. Most people still thought of the land mass of Europe, Asia, and Libya (that is, Africa) as a huge island surrounded by a big Ocean. It was Anaximander who initiated the radical thought which eventually made the mythical image of the Ocean fade into the rational geography of later explorers, most prominent among them Alexander in the southeast and Pytheas in the northwest. It has been suggested that the real reason Pytheas undertook his voyage was that he wanted to verify what geometry had already taught him. This chapter also examines Eratosthenes' work in geography, geodesy, and cartography, focusing on latitude and longitude, which came to form the skeleton of his world map, as well as Ptolemy's use of the terms “lines” and “labels” for what modern semioticians call visual marks and proper names.

Keywords:   Pytheas, oikumene, Ocean, geography, Eratosthenes, cartography, world map, Ptolemy, latitude, longitude

Chicago Scholarship Online requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books within the service. Public users can however freely search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter.

Please, subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.

To troubleshoot, please check our FAQs, and if you can't find the answer there, please contact us.