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The Search for JusticeLawyers in the Civil Rights Revolution, 1950-1975$
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Peter Charles Hoffer

Print publication date: 2019

Print ISBN-13: 9780226614281

Published to Chicago Scholarship Online: September 2019

DOI: 10.7208/chicago/9780226614458.001.0001

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Whose Victory? Whose Defeat?

Whose Victory? Whose Defeat?

(p.151) 5 Whose Victory? Whose Defeat?
The Search for Justice

Peter Charles Hoffer

University of Chicago Press

When the civil rights campaign moved north, advocates of integration faced white flight and attendant re-segregation. In Boston, white violence prevented integration of the high schools. In cases like Detroit's Millikan v. Bradley, the limits of the busing remedy pioneered in Charlotte became apparent. The neighborhood school model sought in years of litigation was failing. In the meantime, advocates of segregation were developing alternative legal arguments to tradition and precedent, for example: freedom of association, original intent, and the cultural uniqueness of the South.

Keywords:   Segregation, School Segregation, Freedom of Association, Re-segregation, Original intent, Busing, Millikan v. Bradley, Detroit, Charlotte, Boston

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