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Modern NatureThe Rise of the Biological Perspective in Germany$
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Lynn K. Nyhart

Print publication date: 2009

Print ISBN-13: 9780226610894

Published to Chicago Scholarship Online: March 2013

DOI: 10.7208/chicago/9780226610924.001.0001

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Museum Research and the Rise of Ecological Animal Geography

Museum Research and the Rise of Ecological Animal Geography

Chapter:
(p.323) Chapter Nine Museum Research and the Rise of Ecological Animal Geography
Source:
Modern Nature
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:10.7208/chicago/9780226610924.003.0009

This chapter evaluates the research in biogeography and ecology conducted by museum men in the 1890s and after, with special attention to Karl Möbius' student Friedrich Dahl. It also argues that ecological animal geography emerged out of three converging sources: research in marine biology and ocean exploration, the work on terrestrial and freshwater animals conducted under the rubric of “biology,” and the traditional questions and concerns of animal geography. Dahl argued that most biocoenoses were open systems that overlapped with one another, thus allowing larger and smaller units of biocoenotic analysis. Richard Hesse's Ecological Basis of Animal Geography was an extremely influential book that reflected the breadth and variety of recent ecological research that could be connected to zoogeography. Community ecology flourished much more vigorously among those whose perspectives were not guided so firmly along taxonomic lines.

Keywords:   ecological animal geography, biogeography, community ecology, Friedrich Dahl, Richard Hesse, marine biology, freshwater animals

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