Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Modern NatureThe Rise of the Biological Perspective in Germany$
Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content.

Lynn K. Nyhart

Print publication date: 2009

Print ISBN-13: 9780226610894

Published to Chicago Scholarship Online: March 2013

DOI: 10.7208/chicago/9780226610924.001.0001

Show Summary Details
Page of

PRINTED FROM CHICAGO SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.chicago.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University of Chicago Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in CHSO for personal use.date: 20 September 2021

From Practice to Theory: Karl Möbius and the Lebensgemeinschaft

From Practice to Theory: Karl Möbius and the Lebensgemeinschaft

(p.125) Chapter Four From Practice to Theory: Karl Möbius and the Lebensgemeinschaft
Modern Nature
University of Chicago Press

This chapter turns to a different figure whose ideas and career were central to the rise of the biological perspective: Karl Möbius. Möbius was the man who transformed the broad, undertheorized ecological, environmentalist, and functionalist ideas of the practical naturalists into scientific theory. He developed the concept of the Lebensgemeinschaft, or living (biotic) community. Möbius' chief scientific project for the decade between 1859 and 1868 revolved around the fauna of the Kiel Fjord. In researching the fauna of the Kiel Fjord, Möbius had found a field that yielded a rich harvest for both generalist and specialist writings, allowing him to satisfy both his local audience in Hamburg and the scholarly community in which he also sought to make a name. Möbius' community concept did not simply jump into public consciousness. Its broad resonances came to be heard only as he and his followers promoted it over the next thirty years.

Keywords:   Karl Möbius, Lebensgemeinschaft, Kiel Fjord, fauna, Hamburg

Chicago Scholarship Online requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books within the service. Public users can however freely search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter.

Please, subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.

To troubleshoot, please check our FAQs, and if you can't find the answer there, please contact us.